Delhi – The Ancient capital of India

The origin of the city, many historians refer to the year 3000 BC. For her such a long history of Delhi managed to survive a number of government and rulers that they are difficult even to list — from the ancient Indian dynasties up to the conquests of Alexander the great, from the dominion of the Islamic sultanates to the era of the Mughals, from the British colony to a modern Republic. And almost every passing epoch left in the city his mark.

Delhi is a multiethnic and multicultural city, with an incredible mixture of religions and beliefs, customs and rituals. This explains the abundance of attractions which attracts tourists from all over the world.

Conventionally sights of Delhi can be divided into monuments of antiquity and the middle ages, the colonial domination of England and contemporary Indian history.

The main international airport of India is located in Delhi, the length of the runway which, 4430 meters.

As a rule, in India speak good English. The second official language of India is Hindi.

Monuments

The architectural complex of Qutb Minar

One of the oldest and well preserved buildings — the architectural complex of Qutb Minar and its main decoration — a 72-meter minaret “Tower of victory”, built of Sandstone red. Build it began in 1193 using the stones from the medial for this purpose, demolished Hindu temples, and completed only 175 years later.

To this day, is the tallest brick minaret in the world.

On site, in addition to mosques and the tombs of the imams, is unique, is not yet explainable monument — a steel column with a height of 7 meters, without corrosion of the metal. It is believed that this is a place of wish fulfillment, so the post below is literally polished by the touch of pilgrims and tourists.

The complex is open to all comers daily and admission is 250 rupees (about $ 4).

The Mausoleum Of Humayun

Its magnificence is striking in the Mausoleum of Humayun — tomb of the ruler of the country from the Mughal dynasty, built by his widow. The architectural design of the tomb is very similar to the most famous monument of India — Taj Mahal. Around the mausoleum lies the luxurious garden, Char Bagh, crossed channels.

The object of tourist pilgrimage is open daily. Entrance fees is 250 RS.

The JAMA Masjid Mosque

The JAMA Masjid mosque — the largest Islamic temple complex in India. It was built in the middle of XVII century by order of Emperor Shah Jahan, it is the one that earlier had built for his late wife famous Taj Mahal.

The mosque to this day — the active religious building so when visiting it is necessary to remove your shoes and put on special clothing, and during the service entrance for people of non-Muslim faith is strictly prohibited.

Lal Qila — The Red Fort

Another outstanding monument is Lal-quila — Red Fort — a Grand fortification, the walls of which rise in different places to a height of from 16 to 33 m. the fortress was the residence of an Indian ruler, palaces for his family and premises for the court. There is a nice Park Hyatt Regency Bakhsh Bagh and the famous white marble Pearl Mosque. Red Fort is one of the main attractions of Delhi, not to visit which is simply impossible.

Works Museum complex daily, for foreign visitors, the entrance fee is 250 rupees.

Monuments of the colonial era

Two centuries of dominion of England, of course, could not leave a trace on the face of the Indian capital.

The Church Of St. James The Apostle

One of the most ancient Christian temples of India is an Anglican Church of the Apostle James. Built in 1836, it is more than a century the Cathedral served as the center of the Indian Vice-Kingdom. The Cathedral is a working Church, is part of the local diocese.

Rashtrapati Bhavan

English royalty was in need of a stately building for the residence of the Viceroy — the Viceroy. It is for this purpose was designed the majestic Palace, designed in the style of the Roman Pantheon — Rashtrapati Bhavan. Built early last century, after independence, it is the main residence of the President of India.

The entrance to the Palace closed, but visitors can admire the unique rose garden located near it.

Arch “gateway of India”

It is no secret that England used units and parts of the colonial troops fighting in the ongoing wars it. To the credit of the British, they know how to honor the memory of the victims. Witness the “Royal road”, Rajpath with a triumphal arch “gateway of India”.

The columns of this memorial buildings are carved the names of Indians who died during the Anglo-Afghan conflict and during the First World war. The complex was built in 1931 and 1971, it added Grave of the Unknown Soldier with an eternal flame in memory of those killed in the Indo-Pakistani wars.

The Building Of The Indian Parliament Sansad Bhavan

The interest of tourists round the majestic building of the Indian Parliament of Sansad Bhavan with its unusual round shape and granite colonnade supporting the main vault. Built this Palace of the Parliament was in 1913, now there are the Parliament and the Supreme Court.

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Delhi modern

In the Indian capital offering curious travellers a huge number of museums of various kinds.

The most important is the national Indian Museum is the largest collection of valuable archaeological finds, artifacts, works of art, products of folk crafts, which tells about the ancient and diverse Indian history.

The Museum was opened in 1960, and in the groundbreaking, five years earlier, was attended by a great son of the Indian people.

The Museum is open to visitors every day except Monday, from 10 to 17 hours. The entrance cost is 150 rupees.

The Indians worship the memory of fighters for independence of deceased political leaders of free India, therefore, in the capital opened a number of memorial museums — Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi and her son Rajiv. The place of their cremation, not far from the Presidential Palace, sacred to the inhabitants of the country, are objects of pilgrimage.

Constant curiosity is aroused among the guests Delhi Lotus Temple — the current Baha’i house of worship. Unusual structure standing in the middle of a picturesque Park, surrounded by 9 swimming pools that make up the temple a single composition.

The uniqueness of this iconic structure is manifested in many ways.

  • First, the architectural decision is that “Lotus Flower” is not a straight line.
  • Secondly, the building has an unusual system of self-ventilation, which constantly supports the premises a comfortable temperature without air conditioning.
  • Thirdly, the temple is open always and for everyone, regardless of age, gender, religion. To pray within its walls allowed any gods, who are worshiped by people.

A visit to this temple is free, but the entrance need to remove your shoes.

This is far from all the attractions of Delhi can tell you much more about the FORTS and temples, gardens and parks, palaces and markets, the business center, near the modern skyscrapers of Connaught place and unusual museums (e.g., the world’s only Museum of toilets).

To convey the charm of the capital of India in words is impossible — it is just necessary to see everything. Fortunately, aviation is well established, the price of tickets — from the category available, and a tourist visa is a snap to make using the visa centers of the Indian Embassy.

Video “Sights Of Delhi”

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