Karnataka is located in the South-Western part of India. In the West it is washed by the Arabian sea, and on the East the long chain of the Western and Eastern Ghat. The abundance of national parks, cultural-historical monuments and simply gorgeous beaches and attracts tourists from all over the world. The state rises above sea level to 900 meters. Apparently so the state got its nickname “the Sublime country.”
The area is 191 791 km2. Cultural and historical heritage of Karnataka has about 26 000 palaces, caves, temples, ancient cities and the like. Separate facilities are recognized as objects of the world heritage List of UNESCO. The capital of Karnataka the city of Bangalore, and very expensive.
Initially it was a separate state, which was formerly known as Mysore, but in 1973 it received its present name. On the thrones of Karnataka followed each other Buddhist, Hindu and Muslim dynasties, as, indeed, in many southern regions of India. The area is populated since the Paleolithic era and the first mention of Karnataka is located in the”Mahabharata” and “Ramayana”.
During the first Millennium BC this area was covered by internecine battles between States and dynasties as Vakataka and Gupta, whose power was felt all over West Dean.
Karnataka state was formed by the merger of the state of Mysore and Madras districts. For many years after its establishment, the state did not suffer from the social and political unrest, even the atmosphere here was still restless.
According to 2011 data, the population of Karnataka is approximately 61 130 704 people. Quite an impressive number. Hindus make up 83% of the population, Muslims 11%, Christians – 4%, Jains – 0,8%, Buddhists – 0.7 percent. The literacy rate is 66.6%.
The weather and climate. When is the best time to go?
Karnataka is the wettest state of India. Its climate is determined by the monsoon season that comes from the southwest in June and lasts until the end of September.
The period from November to March is the ideal time to visit Karnataka. The time not very hot. The temperature reaches +27°C. The driest month is April and may.
Attractions Of Karnataka
Very interesting old town. This ancient village, situated on the ruins of the great capital Vijayangara Empire. Hampi is in the list of world heritage of UNESCO. The major architectural value of this place is the Virupaksha Temple, built in the 15th century ad. Although according to some sources, the temple could be built before. Virupaksha is the only building that was preserved after the fall of the city. The village continues to be to believers an important Hindu place of worship.
Hampi also has other attractions. Among them, the temple Achyutaraya, and the statue of Narasimha, and the Royal Libra. A lot of people, judging by the reviews, I advise you to meet the sunset on the hill Matanga and be sure to visit the Museum in Kalimpura. Learn more about Hampi.
City in the state of Karnataka. The city is simply Packed with countless monuments and extraordinary sights. Rumor has it that the tourist will need a week to explore the whole city. The city was built between 10-11 centuries the Kings of Kalyani Chalukya. Once Bijapur was called Vijayapura, which means “City of victory”.
The first place to visit among tourists is the monument of Gol Gumbaz. This place is the tomb of Mohammed Adil Shah, that previously ran the city from 1627 1657 for years. The tomb attracts attention with its very large dome, which, incidentally, is the largest in the world. The Central hall of this building has unique acoustics. It from any sound will be heard at least seven times.
The best place to learn the history of the city is the local Archaeological Museum. There you will find a huge number of exhibits: paintings, inscriptions, sculpture, military equipment, etc.
Asar Mahal is another attraction in the city. It was formerly a Palace of justice, to paraphrase in our own way, we can be called a court of ancient times. The whole building inside is painted with amazing murals. The entrance to the Asar Mahal women are strictly banned.
Also if you manage to visit in Bijapur, then make sure to visit the festival of URSheld here.
The largest Indian falls. Their height is 270 meters and a cascade width of 400 meters. If you drive from Tatarskaya Kargala, we can see a giant gorge with waterfalls. The falls is located in Shimoga district of Karnataka. Now they are not so picturesque, as to the construction of a large dam upriver, but from this it does not lose its uniqueness and elegance – the dense thickets of bushes and jungle, covering a sparsely populated mountainous country.
To admire the waterfall is not recommended during the monsoon, they say, will not be so impressive, because the fog and rain clouds envelop the waterfalls. Another reason is excess water and a large number of leeches. The hike this time to the valley can be dangerous.
The Krishna temple in Udupi
Beautiful Hindu temple dedicated to God Krishna located in the town of Udupi in Karnataka. Very popular place of pilgrimage for the followers of Vaishnavism. Inside the temple there is a statue of Krishna.
This statue decorate, dress in different clothes. It is impossible to photograph inside, but the atmosphere there is unforgettable. In the morning in this temple there is a service with chanting mantras and praising Krishna. The service is broadcast to the entire area through the loudspeaker.
Mysore city – the main point for exploring all the attractions in Karnataka. It is the third largest city in the state. Was formerly the capital of the Principality of Mysore for six centuries. Known as the “Sandalwood city”. In this city you can watch as hand-made incense, to see the work of carvers in sandal-wood.
Among the attractions you can look at the Maharaja’s Palace Mysore. Massive buildings that convey the spirit of the greatness of those years. Souvenir shops with products made of sandalwood can be found almost everywhere, but it would be better if you will go to the Government art salon Cauvery and Shopping center, located at Sayaji Rao Road (Mall is closed on Thursdays). There is a large choice of artistic creation and it is allowed to export abroad.
Halebid and Belur
Belur and Halebid – the capital of the ancient Empire of Hoysala. This is the main tourist centres in Karnataka.
Halebid is a small town, the former capital of the powerful dynasty of Hoysalas, who ruled the South-Western Karnataka. The most interesting of the temples here is the Halebid and Kedareswara.
The construction of the temple of Halebid gave the king of Vishnuvardhana. It was built many decades, but was never completed. No one knows what deity here was worshipped here initially. Suggest that the temple was dedicated to Lord Shiva and his wife.
Inside it is possible to take pictures of all rooms except the altar area.
Inside the temple of twilight. The light passes through the stone lattice Windows. In the temple two shrines, in which are sculptures dvarapala at the sides, stepped ceilings with interesting carvings. The temple is one of the three unique temples of the dynasty of Hoysala, built in the shape of a star. Other temples is the temple in Belur and Somanathapura.
The temple of Kedareswara was built in 1217, but building condition is extremely poor, so the entrance is closed. Outside the temple is decorated with many beautiful sculptures. In this unusual stone figure of Krishna dancing on the serpent Kali. This story is most often found in bronze or painting.
The city of Belur is famous for its chennakeshava temple a, belonging to the Vaishnava tradition of Hinduism. It is also believed that it is dedicated to Krishna. The temple is a small complex of several mandap, surrounded by a wall with a small gopuram. The temple stands on the platform and are decorated with intricate carvings. It is filled with various sculptures.
In the temple, again, twilight, but here is an opportunity to buy a light ticket. If you have this ticket, you will be able to inspect the room, ceiling, columns in the spotlight. If you want, you can donate a few rupees for this temple.
The Statue Of Shiva
A huge statue of the chief God in Hinduism – Shiva. It is situated in the tiny fishing village of Murudeshwar. Shiva is depicted sitting in the Lotus position, rotated back to the sea, with four arms. In one he holds a drum, another with a Trident, the third and fourth arms depict the wise.
Gujarat is an amazing state. No wonder he is considered one of the most prominent States in southern India. Here is definitely worth a look. Every Indian state is truly unique.